Thursday, June 28, 2012

Intern's Corner: Battle of Monmouth

Artillery Engagements
By Mark Relation, DLAR Intern

After a long day of fighting and repeated failed assaults on the American positions, General Clinton halted all attacks around 5:00 PM on this day, 1778.  However, this was not the end of the fighting, as both sides engaged in an artillery duel through the evening until Clinton ordered his army to retreat towards Sandy Hook.  When Washington found out that the British had left the field, he made no move to pursue, as they had already had a six hour head start, and the American forces could convincingly claim victory having forced the enemy to retreat.  Below is a latter from the Deputy Commissary-General of Military Stores Samuel Hodgdon to John Ruddick, the Deputy Commissioner of Military Stores on July 19th, 1778.  The request for more ammunition to replenish stores after the battle gives a sense of scope of the level of engagement and scale of the artillery bombardment after the fighting. 

Fremont-Barnes, Gregory, Richard Alan Ryerson, James R. Arnold, and Roberta Wiener. The Encyclopedia of the American Revolutionary War: A Political, Social, and Military History. Vol. 3. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2006. Print. p. 806-810.


            The Great consumption of Cannon Ammunition in the late Battle at Monmouth Renders it Necessary that a supply be sent with all possible dispatch to Camp

200 six pound strap shot
200 four pound Ditto
100 three pound Ditto is Much wanted also
100 good arms & accoutrements

            I have sent by Mr. Giles CM stores five Load of Damaged Arms & Ammunition who will Conduct the above stores to Camp”

Letters sent by Commissary General of Military Stores and Assistant Quartermaster Samuel Hodgdon.  19 July 1778-24 May 1784, Numbered Record Books Concerning Military Operations and Service, Pay and Settlements of Accounts, and Supplies in the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93.  National Archives Microfilm Publication M853, reel 33, vol. 111, p. 96.

Archambault, Alan.  American Artillery Crew in Action during the Revolutionary War.  As found online at

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